<i>by <a href=http://twitter.com/sizzlerkistler>Alan Kistler, Newsarama Contributor</a></i> <p>Superman's so-far the big focus of DC Comics' <i>New York Comic Con 2012</i> announcements, with news of <a href=http://www.newsarama.com/comics/new-action-comics-creative-team.html>Andy Diggle and Tony Daniel taking over <b>Action Comics</b></a> in March, and <a href=http://www.newsarama.com/comics/scott-snyder-jim-lee-superman-title.html>Scott Snyder and Jim Lee launching a new title in 2013</a> coming before the con's first day ended. <p>And maybe ... <i>maybe</i>, he'll get new costume [to your right, there]. <p>While the upcoming changes are mostly creative (so far), all this news put us in mind of the volumes of changes the character has gone through in his now approaching 80-year history, including some pretty big ones a little over a year ago. <p>In fact, it seems when it comes to the Man of Steel, he rarely goes very long without some significant alternations to his mythos. Here's a countdown of the 10 Biggest Superman Changes in History... <p><i>Got a comment? There's lots of conversation on Newsarama's <a href=http://www.facebook.com/Newsarama><b>FACEBOOK</b></a> and <a href=http://twitter.com/newsarama><b>TWITTER</b></a>!</i> <p>
In 1933, in the pages of <b>Science Fiction #3</b>, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster published their story Reign of the Super-Man." The title character is a bald homeless man named Bill Dunn who gains telepathic powers from a mad scientist's experiment and attempts to take over Earth. <p> Later on, after seeing the success of pulp heroes and comic strip adventurers, Siegel decides to turn his title character into a hero. He writes up a new version of Superman who is secretly named Clark Kent and is, in fact, an alien named Kal-L, last survivor of the dead planet Krypton. Superman's powers are now physical rather than mental. Shuster does artwork for the comic strip and they begin to submit it. <p> The story is rejected repeatedly and so Shuster rewrites it again, this time with art from Russell Keaton. The new origin is that Kal-L is actually the last survivor of Earth in the far future and is sent backwards in time to the present day where he is found and raised by the Kents. This story is also rejected and Siegel resumes a partnership with Shuster, reverting to the Krypton origin.
After being rejected by no less than 17 publishers, the heroic alien Superman is finally published in the pages of <b>Action Comics #1</b> because the issue had space that needed to be filled. Although Siegel has plotted out the name of Superman's parents and planet, none of these are actually named in this issue's origin story. <p> Superman is said to have great strength, resistance to conventional injury, and is able to leap 1/8th of a mile. His costume has no origin beyond it being something he seemed to put together for when he is operating as a champion of the oppressed. Eventually, it is revealed that he takes on a job at a newspaper so that he can be among the first to know when certain crimes or disasters are occurring elsewhere. <p> This Superman is very involved in social problems, fighting corrupt landlords and ending wars by forcing the leaders of the fighting nations to face each other one-on-one. The Man of Steel could be described as more of a rebel, openly forcing the federal government to improve an area of slums by asking the residents to leave and then demolishing it so that it's declared a disaster area. Wanted by both the police and the U.S., Superman is someone who is concerned about what's right rather than what's legal.
Superman is adapted into a radio show and later a number of cartoon serials. In both of these, the character is voiced by actor/singer Bud Collyer who is praised for his ability to actually give Clark and Superman two distinct voices (a quality mentioned in the comics as part of the disguise). The radio show strongly implies that Superman can fly and the cartoon serials visually confirm it. <p>This ability finally makes its way into the Superman comics in <b>Superman #10</b> in 1941. From then on, the Man of Tomorrow is able to completely defy gravity, not just leap really far. <p> By this time, other abilities are being mentioned and soon Superman's power levels are greatly increased. He gains powers such as X-ray vision, arctic breath, telescopic/microscopic vision, increased hearing, heat-vision. In some stories, he even displays super-ventriloquism, time travel, and the ability to compress his own muscles and alter their shape (giving Clark Kent and Superman different faces and builds). Whereas a tank could have seriously injured him before, the 1940s show us a Superman who can survive an atomic explosion. <p>Superman also gets a special base for the first time, the Secret Citidel, located in a mountain outside of Metropolis. <p> It is during this time that Superman becomes more of a patriotic icon. As the US enters World War II, the hero's former catchphrase of truth and justice becomes truth, justice and the American Way. It's a noticeable difference from the rabble-rouser he used to be.
In 1945, the character of Superboy (an adolescent version of Superman) and his hometown of Smallville are introduced in <b>More Fun Comics #101</b>. <p>Initially, this is treated as a separate continuity from the mainstream Superman stories. The Superboy adventures finally let readers get to know Ma and Pa Kent. We also get introduced to Lana Lang in 1950, giving Clark Kent a high school love interest who is actually more interested in him than his colorful alter ego (and is convinced they are actually the same person). <p> In 1951, DC decides to alter continuity by merging the Superboy stories into the mainstream reality. As far as canon is now concerned, Clark Kent did begin his career in the Mid-Western town of Smallville under the name Superboy and then, years later, took on the name Superman when he moves to Metropolis on the East Coast. <p> As the years go on, the Superboy stories are used to introduce other elements into canon, such as Clark's dog Krypto, a super-powered canine with a cape (awesome).
In 1956, DC Comics began its first major relaunch by introducing an entirely new version of the Flash with a new secret identity and origin. This begins the Silver Age of Comics, with a wave of new heroes being introduced such as a newly reimagined Green Lantern, Hawkman, Hawkgirl, Atom and others. Characters such as Aquaman, Batman, Superman and Wonder Woman are retooled as younger characters in the modern-day with slightly different origins and back-stories. <p> Superman's birth name of Kal-El is printed for the first time in a comic book in <b>Superman #113</b> in 1957. Starting the next year, many new elements are introduced into his history and world that will become staples of the character. By 1961, readers have met Bizarro, Brainiac, Lori Lemaris, General Zod, the Bottle City of Kandor, Pete Ross, Mon-El, several new types of Kryptonite, and Superman's cousin Kara Zor-El a.k.a. Supergirl. <p> The Silver Age also introduces Superman's new Fortress of Solitude, based in the Arctic, and the idea that Clark Kent and Lex Luthor knew each other as teenagers in Smallville. A story features teenage Clark meeting the Legion of Super-Heroes, a group of teens from various planets in the 30th century who say they were inspired by legends of Clark's exploits. This leads to Clark regularly engaging in time travel adventures and the LSH become popular enough to spin-off into their own title.
In 1971, Denny O'Neil is brought on as writer for the Superman comic series and makes efforts to shake up the status quo. All Kryptonite on Earth is transformed into harmless lead, but the same event that causes this also causes Superman's power to be halved. Clark Kent also switches jobs, leaving the Daily Planet to become an on-air television reporter, and later anchor, for the Galaxy Broadcasting Company. <p> Not too long afterward, DC shifted back to the old way, with Superman regaining his former power levels and new samples of Kryptonite falling to Earth. He kept the job as TV newsman though and gained Lana Lang as a co-anchor, creating a new love triangle since she and Lois were now part of his every day life at the same time.
In 1985, DC published the 12-issue series <b>Crisis on Infinite Earths</b>. The story featured a villain who threatened the entire multiverse. To prevent everything in existence from being wiped away, the various DC superheroes needed to restart the Big Bang, even though their history would be altered in the process. This was used to explain DC Comics doing yet another relaunch, altering/modernizing the origins and histories of many characters and dismissing many stories that were now viewed as cluttering up continuity. <p> The Silver Age Pre-<i>Crisis</i> Superman was given a final story and a sense of closure in Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow. <p>Following this, John Byrne's mini-series <b>The Man of Steel</b> introduced a new version of Superman with a new history. Clark's powers didn't fully emerge until his late teens and he never knew Lex Luthor in Smallville. He never met the Legion of Super-Heroes as a kid. The Phantom Zone criminals, his cousin Supergirl, Krypto, and the Fortress no longer existed. He still had many of the same powers but they were not on the same level they had once been, making him more vulnerable. <p>Another major change was that the Kents were now still alive and well, whereas previous continuity had always had them die before Clark moved to Metropolis. And whereas Superman had been the first of Earth's superheroes Pre-<i>Crisis</i>, he was now only the first of the modern age crime-fighters, with the World War II heroes and the Justice Society preceding him by several decades. <p> Byrne's stories emphasized a new level of realism and darkness, such as a two-issue arc where Superman was seemingly forced to perform in a pornographic film and a three-issue arc where he executed three criminals in cold blood. <p>Following Byrne's departure, writers began slowly bringing back Pre-<i>Crisis</i> elements such as the Fortress of Solitude. And despite the success of <b>The Man of Steel</b>, live-action media and cartoon adaptations continued to reference the Pre-<i>Crisis</i> Superman mythos instead.
The 1990s was full of major events and long-term storylines meant to provoke interest in Superman and put the Last Son of Krypton into unfamiliar territory. <p>After dating Lois Lane as Clark Kent, the hero finally proposed to her and revealed his double identity. DC initially intended to then marry off the two, but were basically told to change their plans in order to not contradict the live-action series <i>Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman</i>, which focused heavily on their romantic tension. <p> To forestall the wedding, DC Comics did the <b>Death of Superman</b> storyline, leading to the creation of new characters inspired by Superman, including the armored Steel and a new Superboy who was actually an attempted clone of the Man of Steel. <p>Later on, Clark and Lois split for a while and finally got married during a time that the hero was powerless. The wedding issue coincided with the television wedding in <i>Lois & Clark</i>. <p> Another major storyline that occurred after this was the Electric Superman arc, where the Man of Tomorrow was given a capeless bodysuit and new energy-based abilities for an entire year. This led into another story where Superman's mind was corrupted and he decided to become ruler of Earth. <p>Basically, readers never knew what to expect from Superman year to year.
Starting in the 21st century, more and more classic ideas of the Silver Age started coming back. Krypto and Kara Zor-El came back, Superman started seeming more powerful and formidable, and old silly villains that hadn't been seen since before the <i>Crisis</i> began creeping back in. <p>Major new storylines also shook up the books, such as Lex Luthor becoming President of the United States of America. <p> In 2003, Mark Waid and Leinil Yu redefined the Superman mythos for the first time in nearly twenty years, bringing a new origin that brought back Pre-<i>Crisis</i> elements and reflected something that would be familiar to those who'd come to know Superman through the films or the new TV series <o>Smallville</i>. Lex Luthor once again had a history with Clark back in Smallville and it was revealed that the Man of Steel's famous S-shield was not just a family crest, as had been detailed in movies and television, but was actually a Kryptonian symbol that meant hope. <p>Just as Waid explored Superman's beginnings, Grant Morrison explored Superman's end days in <b>All-Star Superman</b>, illustrated by Frank Quitely. This story embraced the atmosphere and ideas of the Silver Age while modernizing them. <p> Later still, Geoff Johns and Gary Frank brought back the classic Phantom Zone villains and Superman's connection to the Legion of Super-Heroes. They then took his origin much closer to its Silver Age roots in <b>Superman: Secret Origin</b>. It now seemed that most of the initial Post-<i>Crisis</i> history and vision of Superman's world had been dismissed now.
In August 2011 DC relaunched again, just as it had when it began the Silver Age and following <i>Crisis on Infinite Earths</i>. Many characters, including Superman, have a new history and status quo. <p>The universe is younger now, with the age of modern day superheroes having only begun five (or is that now six?) years ago. This past year has seen many heroes starting their careers from scratch or as much younger and less experienced. <p> In Superman's case, his present day adventures were featured in the title <b>Superman</b> while his origins were detailed in the first months of the New 52 in <b>Action Comics</b>. <p>As with Pre-<i>Crisis</i> continuity, the Kents are deceased before he began his career as an adult superhero. He began adventuring in Metropolis in a proto-costume involving an S-shield T-shirt and blue jeans. <p>In the modern day, he has only been a hero for roughly five or six years and was, in fact, the first public superhero of Earth (although Batman had been operating secretly for many years beforehand). He is also a bachelor again in the modern day and he and Lois are not an item. <p>In fact, he's got a budding new romance with Wonder Woman, with perhaps this one day being the biggest New 52 change of all. <p> How long will <i>this</i> new history and status quo last? Only time will tell. Where comic books, and especially Superman, are concerned , change is the only constant.